The Algarve is included in the Mediterranean bioclimatic zone. Leading to an eclectic blend of flora, dominated by native species to which other naturalized species imported over time from other latitudes were added.
Situated on the Southern Coast of Portugal, the Algarve is bathed by the Atlantic Ocean and its climate is characterized by hot, dry summers and mild winters with little rain. In the winter, nights can be cold and humid, whilst during the day the sun can be accompanied by fresh wind, with storms and heavy rain at times. It never snows, frosts are very rare, and on most days the weather is comfortable.
As the days get longer, daily temperatures rise considerably, often exceeding 20ºC in the second half of February.
The increase in sunshine hours and temperature encourages the local flora to display an exuberant floristic diversity from January onwards. The diversity of habitats (marshes, dunes, pine forests, Bridal broom shrubland, riparian galleries, rural areas, maquis shrubland, barrocal, meadows, cork oak forests, mountains), in small areas of the territory, allows for considerable biodiversity. It is possible to visit several of these habitats on foot, or with short road trips.
Despite the existence of various rare and endemic species, the richness of this region lies in the diversity of species that are frequent and easily found.
Searching and observing the richness of the flora of the Algarve is an outdoor activity with guaranteed success. You may not be able to see the entire 2500 species of the region, but you will certainly be amazed by the numerous amounts of plants that can be spotted in a single morning out in nature.